Indonesia is currently negotiating trade agreements with Australia, Chile, EFTA (European Free Trade Area), the European Union, Korea, India and Ukraine. It has also expressed interest in joining the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and creating a free trade area with the Eurasian Economic Union. Since 2012, Jakarta has been part of the controversial discussions on the Comprehensive Regional Economic Partnership (RCEP) with the nine other ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) governments and their six free trade partners, Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand and South Korea. A free trade agreement (FTA) will establish a key aspect of economic relations between the EU and Indonesia, which is governed by the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement. The agreement came into force on May 1, 2014. Ensuring better access for EU exporters to the dynamic ASEAN market is an EU priority. Negotiations for a trade and investment agreement between the region and ASEAN began in 2007 and were interrupted by mutual agreement in 2009 to relax a bilateral negotiating format. Here is a list of the free trade agreements that include the United States. In parentheses, the abbreviation, if any, membership, unless indicated in advance, and the date of entry into force.
Indonesia is the sixth country in the region to enter into negotiations for a bilateral free trade agreement with the EU, after Singapore (2010), Malaysia (2010), Vietnam (2012), Thailand (2013) and the Philippines (2015). To date, the EU has concluded negotiations on bilateral agreements with two of them: Singapore (2014) and Vietnam (2015). Bilateral free trade agreements between the EU and ASEAN countries will form the building blocks of a future EU-ASEAN agreement, which remains the EU`s ultimate goal. Relations between the EU and Indonesia have deepened in recent years. Following fruitful exploratory discussions in April 2016 on further deepening trade and investment relations between the EU and Indonesia, negotiations for a free trade agreement between the EU and Indonesia began on 18 July 2016. Nine full rounds have been played so far. Indonesia is the largest Muslim country in the world. Would a free trade agreement with that country be beneficial to the United States, both economically and politically? What benefit could Indonesia expect? This book calls for improved trade relations between Indonesia and the United States and recommends further exploratory discussions for a free trade agreement between the United States and Indonesia. The authors present a detailed study on the issues in the various areas of the proposed negotiations and assess the potential of the free trade agreement for trade creation, trade diversion and well-being in different scenarios. Indonesia has been a member of the WTO since 1995 and enjoys trade preferences granted under the EU`s Generalised Preference System (GSP), which accounts for about 30% of total imports from Indonesia. The United States has begun to negotiate bilateral and multilateral free trade agreements with the following countries and blocs: the United States is a party to many free trade agreements around the world.
Negotiations for a free trade agreement between the EU and Indonesia began on 18 July 2016 following fruitful exploratory discussions aimed at deepening trade and investment relations between the EU and Indonesia. The aim is to conclude a free trade agreement that facilitates trade and investment and covers a wide range of issues such as tariffs, non-tariff barriers, trade in services and investment, trade aspects of public procurement, competition rules, intellectual property rights and sustainable development.