The Hebrew Bible refers to a number of covenants (Hebrew: בְִּזָֹת) with God (YHWH). The Noean Covenant (in Genesis), which exists between God and all living things, as well as a series of more specific covenants with individuals or groups. Biblical covenants include those with Abraham, all the people of Israel, the priesthood israel, and the line of david of kings. In terms of form and terminology, these alliances reflect the type of contractual agreements in the surrounding ancient world. The Mosaic covenant (named after Moses), also known as the Sinai covenant (named after the biblical mountain of Sinai), refers to a biblical covenant between God and the biblical Israelites, including their proselytes.  (2) The establishment and provisions of the Mosaic Covenant are recorded in the first five books of the Hebrew Bible, traditionally attributed to Moses and together called Torah or Pentateuch. This covenant is sometimes also called the law of Moses, the Mosaic law or the 613 mitzvot or commandments (Singular: Mitzvah). The covenant between God and the Jews is the basis of the idea of the Jews as a chosen people. Christians see Jesus as the mediator of this New Covenant, and that his blood shed at his crucifixion is the required blood of the covenant: as with all covenants between God and man described in the Bible, the New Covenant is considered “a bond in the blood sovereignly managed by God.”  It has been theorized that the New Covenant is the law of Christ as it was spoken in his Sermon on the Mount.
 In the Hebrew Bible, there are two main types of covenants, including the obligatory type and the guilty type.  The obligatory covenant is more common among febrile peoples and deals with the relationship between two equal parties. In contrast, the guilty nature of the covenant is seen in the Abrahamic and Davidian covenants. The obligations focus on the relationship between the Suzerain and the vassal and resemble the nature of the “Royal Grant” legal document, which includes historical introductions, boundary demarcations, dispositions, witnesses, blessings and curses. In royal grants, the Master could reward a servant for being loyal. God rewarded Abraham, Noah, and David in his covenants with them.  As part of His covenant with Abraham, God has an obligation to keep Abraham`s seed as God`s chosen people and to be their God. God acts as the force of Suzerain and is the party of the Union, accompanied by the necessary act that accompanies the oath, whether it is fire or animals in sacrifices.
Yet God is the party that takes the curse if it does not keep its commitment. Throughout history, there have been many cases where the vassal was the one who performed the various actions and took the curse.  Not only does Jesus exercise a permanent, perfect, heavenly priesthood (Heb 7:23-8:6), but the covenant of which he is the mediator, “is based on better promises” (Hebr 8:6b), explained in terms of “eternal redemption” (9:12) and an “eternal inheritance” (9:15) assured by the blood of Christ (Heb 9:11-10:18) – later described as “the blood of the eternal covenant” (Heh 13:20). Like Paul, therefore, the contrast is not between something bad and something good, but between something good (but temporal) and something better (because unlike the old covenant, novelty is unbreakable and eternal…”